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General FAQ

Registration of a trade mark gives rights to the mark as a whole. It does not give rights to any separate parts of the mark such as words or design elements independently. Before applying for a trade mark consider the following: A word mark for plain text characters protects the words regardless of the way they are presented. A device mark for words protected in special characters or a logo mark provides protection for the mark as it is presented

Conducting a complete search of your mark before filing an application is very important because the results may identify potential problems, such as a likelihood of confusion with a prior registered mark or a mark in a pending application. A search could save you the expense of applying for a mark in which you will likely not receive a registration because another party may already have stronger rights in that mark. Also, the search results may show whether your mark or a part of your mark appears as generic or descriptive wording in other registrations, and thus is weak and/ or difficult to protect.

WIPO defines a trademark as a distinctive sign, a symbol that distinguishes the trademark owner’s goods and services from those of competitors. The use of signs to distinguish merchants’ products first became significant with the development of trade, and is now considered a key tool for both businesses and consumers. It is often said that nowadays a trademark is one of the most valuable assets, if not the most valuable, of an organisation. For consumers a trademark reflects the image of the company and therefore has commercial value. From the date a trademark is registered with the competent authority, generally the Patent and Trademark Office, the holder has exclusive rights of exploitation. A trademark can be registered for 7 to 20 years and protection can be renewed indefinitely. During this time the owner can use, sell, license or merchandise the trademark, and of course prevent its unauthorized use. As the trademark represents the values of the company it represents, the owner should ensure that no other organization attempts to be illegally associated with these values by incorrect use of the protected trademark. In order to maintain their rights, the owner of the trademark must make proper use of the trademark and pay annual fees. If the mark is not exploited for five consecutive years trademark protection is lost.

You can register a trademark by submitting an application to the national authority responsible for registering trademarks in your country. This requires providing information about the mark and the products or services associated with it. The registration process varies from one country to another, and you can view the requirements and procedures on the website of the competent authority.
Yes, you can change your trademark after registration if necessary, but it depends on the laws and regulations in your country regarding changes to registered trademarks.
The duration of trademark protection varies depending on the country of registration, and the registration is usually valid for several years. However, the registration can be renewed after its expiry for an additional period under local laws.
No, a trademark protects the appearance and trade dress of products or services. If you want to protect an innovative idea or invention, you should consider filing for a patent.